Advanced Practice Nurses independently evaluate and manage patients under established protocol with a licensed physician or dentist. Four advanced practice roles are recognized in Florida’s Nurse Practice Act.
dvanced Registered Nurse Practitioner (ARNP) orders medical tests, diagnoses disease and illness, prescribes certain medications, and manages the care of patients with acute and chronic medical and psychiatric conditions. ARNPs practice in specific areas of expertise, such as pediatrics, family practice, and geriatrics.
ertified Nurse Midwife (CNM) provides comprehensive well-women care and manages the patient during labor and delivery, including ordering and performing some anesthetic procedures.
ertified Registered Nurse Anesthetist (CRNA) selects and administers regional and general anesthetic agents, supports life function, and oversees patient recovery.
Clinical Nurse Specialist (CNS) assesses and manages health status of individuals and families, typically functioning as educators, care coordinators for complexly ill patients, or expert consultants for nursing staff.
EDUCATION AND TRAINING
Master’s (MSN or MN) or Doctorate (DNP or PhD) degree in nursing (2 to 6 years beyond a bachelor’s degree)
A Master’s degree prepares nurses for increased complexity of patient care and the education program includes a minimum of 500 clinical practice hours in the specialty area.
A nursing doctorate adds educational preparation at advanced levels in the specialty area, consistent with other members of the healthcare team.
LICENSURE AND CERTIFICATION
Advanced practice nurses must hold an active registered nurse license, pass an appropriate national specialty certification exam, and document ongoing continuing education
Varies depending on specialty.